Before the National Football League was founded in 1920, there were some football teams that were established before the NFL. The oldest pro American football franchise is the Arizona Cardinals, and its history can be traced back to 1898 as the Morgan Athletic Club. When the NFL was established, this franchise was one of the charter members and was named the Chicago Cardinals. They used this name until 1943. The Cardinals had a rivalry back then with a team called Chicago Tigers, which also played in the NFL for a season. The Cardinals challenged the Tigers in one game - and the wager was that the losing team will leave Chicago. The Cardinals prevailed and this became the last season of the Tigers in the NFL. The franchise right for the Cardinals came with the only touchdown of this game by Paddy Driscoll. The duel ended with 6-0 win for the Cardinals.
They first became NFL champion in 1925. In 1929, a record was set by RB Ernie Nevers who scored 40 points and this is still the record up to this date. Because of the impending World War II and shortage of manpower, the Cardinals merged for one season with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the 1944 season and they were called Card-Pitt Carpets. Their last NFL title came in 1947 when they defeated the Dallas Cowboys. As the Chicago Cardinals, they won two NFL West division titles, in 1947 and 1948. In 1960, they moved to St. Louis and retained the Cardinals name. They won two NFC east division titles in 1974 and 1975, but were unable to move to the next round of playoffs. In 1988, the team moved to Phoenix, Arizona and was named Phoenix Cardinals for five seasons. They changed names in 1994 and have been known since as the Arizona Cardinals.
The Cardinals have been playing at the modern and high-tech University of Phoenix Stadium since 2006. In this new stadium, they had immediate success by winning the division titles in the NFC West in 2008 and 2009 and appearing at the Super Bowl XLIII in 2009. This new stadium was designed by Architect Peter Eisenman and he utilized the barrel cactus as his inspiration. The building cost $450 million to construct and the stadium was opened in August 2006. This stadium sits on a 165-acre location in Glendale, which is about 10 miles away from downtown Phoenix. This is the first stadium in North America to have a retractable playing field and retractable roof. This stadium has been the venue of Super Bowl XLII and BCS title games. The Cardinals have sold 63 home games here, which are much better than the 12 sellouts crowds in their 18 seasons at the Sun Devil Stadium, their old home.